The University of Lay Adventists of Kigali (UNILAK) and the Institute of Soil and Water Conservation, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), are,this Tuesday, August 29, holding a joint symposium on soil and water conservation and on high yield and efficiency agriculture in Rwanda
The symposium was organized by the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) and Northwest Agriculture&Forestry University (NWAFU) and hosted in Kigali by UNILAK.
“The purpose of this symposium is to understand the current research situation of soil and water conservation, highly productive and effective agriculture in Rwanda, and to discuss cooperation between the two institutions,” said Dr Jean Ngamije, the Vice Chancellor of UNILAK.
According to researchers, soil degradation and productivity decline caused by soil and water loss severely limit the improvement of crop yield and agricultural sustainability.
”Soil moisture and nutrients are key factors determining a stable yield and crop yield. So maintaining the coordinate supply of moisture and nutrients is the important condition to ensure the crop yield,” said Dr. Nshimiyimana Francois Xavier.
It is anticipated that during the symposium, the Chinese Academy of Sciences and UNILAK will agree to conduct joint researches in Rwanda on soil erosion process and mechanism, high yield efficient agriculture, and other research areas under high population density condition in the mountain hilly areas.
The two are also set to establish a long-term cooperation and platform through joint research, and to set up soil and water conservation and high yield and efficient agricultural research team in Rwanda.
Rwanda is among the most densely populated countries in the world, with an average of 493 per square meter and population density stresses the land resources.
Because of global climate change, frequent occurrence of extreme weather and climate events contribute to soil and water conservation contradictions and negative influence on global ecosystem and agricultural production.
This is blamed for soil and water loss, soil fertility degradation; crop yields fall, which constitute threats to the terrestrial ecosystem health and global food security.